Posted by: erienkoma | December 11, 2010

Teacher Competency

Teacher Competency:
Teacher competence is the ability of teacher to apply his expert in his job and duty at school of particularly subject matter field includes English. Teacher competence is one of the teacher ‘s academic components which denotes the expert in guidance and lead the student to be good future citizen and responsibility to his own private and to nation and motherland. The teacher profession with his competence differentiate him to the other job profession in the world, especially in Indonesia.
According to the government rule of Undang-Undang Guru dan Dosen No 19 year 2009 that the teacher’s competence . Competence consists of three:
1. Academic Competence
2. Personality competence
3. Paedogogic Competence
Academic Competence
According to CBTE or Competency Based Teacher Education, the teacher competence are ten kinds, namely:
a. Ability to mastery of subject matter.
b. Ability to manage the teaching-learning program
c. Ability to manage the class room
d. Ability to manage the media and Teaching Learning Resources
e. Ability to manage the basic of education
f. Ability to manage the teaching learning interaction
g. Ability to manage the function of Guidance and Canceling
h. Ability to manage the evaluation of student’s achievement
i. Ability to manage the basically research and interpretation
2. Personality Competence
Personality is special trait someone in his performance and conduct in daily life where the exist, so he is difference with others. According to Sigmund Freud (the expert of Depth Psychology) that personality is something to differentiate him with others. Personality means it cannot divide, it is as a whole. Personality consists of three components:
a. The traits or the kinds of personality are 300 kinds.
b. The type of body namely: endomorph or short type of body.
Mesomorph or middle type of body
Ectomorph or high type of body.
c. The ways of communication interaction with surrounding or society like egocentre (egoist), altruistic (altruistis, solo or like alone to anywhere; introvert or to close to outside or extrovert or to open to outside.
3. Paedogogic Competence
Paedogogic competence is the ability to guide and to lead the student to be good future student and adult and his responsibility to his own self, sociely and to God. The father of National Educator Ki Hadjar Dewantara that teacher is the example for people from the end of his nail up to hair and to follow or guru is digugu and ditiru. Therefore the teacher profession is quiet difference with other profession in world and especially in Indonesia. In Indonesia teacher is the place for answer question for people, because people regard him knows all so he is to be salut by people Guru or teacher is a group persons who learn in the rest of life or life long education.

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Posted by: erienkoma | December 11, 2010

The components of education

Education is a system of academic science, and consists of some components. Each other component relates hardly as one unit. According to the father education, Ki Hadjar Dewantara that there are three centers of education, they are:
(1) Informal Education, (2) Formal Education, and (3) Non Formal Education.
(1) Informal Education, informal education is education at home who are managed by presents (mother and father). It is said informal education because of the extence of it is confessed by international world and home is build by marry between father and mother in front of KUA (The office of Religion Officer or Kantor Urusan Agama by ijab and qabul with six conditions namely bride, bride room, ijab qabul, witness, mahar, and certification). Children of those parents are the homo educandum and parents are Homo Educandus (pl. Homo educandum). The process education is going on since the neonathal just born up to adult or to be married and they separate their parents. The subject matters are touched to them among them are mother tongue, religion, character, culture, virtue, wisdom, socious member, slavish to parents, responsibility, obey to parents, pray to God, read Al Qur’an, tradition and so on. After marrying they are regarded to be adult and are able standing themselves. The responsibility parents is up to adult or to be married.
(2) Formal Education, formal education is education under managed by government by means of regulation, the ruler, and the minister’s decision, UUD. 1945. There are elementary school, secondary school, middle high school, university, institute and private school, formal education has formal and professional teacher, student, subject matter the aim of education, media of education, methodology of education, certificate, accreditation, budgeting, evaluation, national exam and etc.
(3) Non Formal education, non formal education is a education managed by foundation even private or religion including course, like English course, majlis ta’lim, surau, preaching, etc.
The components of educations are:
(a) Teacher or educator (e) Curriculum
(b) Student (f) Media of Instruction
(c) The Aim (g) Environmental of Education
(d) Subject Matter (h) Evaluation

(a) teacher or educator, teacher or educator is homo educandus (pl.homoeducandi) is ;
(1) a person employed in an official capacity for purpose in guiding and directing the
learning experiences of pupils/students in educational institution whether public or
private.
(2) a person who has completed a professional curriculum in a teacher education
institution and where training has been officially recognized by the award of an
appropriate teaching certificate or teacher profession.

(b) student,
(1) Student or homo educandum is a person or group person who is growth (physic) and
development (mind) to be adult.
(2) Student or homo educandum is a person or group person who needs the guidance
and leading to anticipate a better future. Adult is a responsibility person in his wife.

(c) The aim of education is the destination will get by hard effort, Hereby we see the aim of
education :
(1) The aim of education is to make someone or homo educandum realize all his talents
gifted fitrah or to become morally or good citizen to fulfill the destination.
(2) To build a person in order to have good character and personality. Personality is
something that makes someone different with others. According to Sigmund Freud,
the expert of Depth Psychology that personality has more 200 kind of traits, physical
form type. Example someone is a aggressive, calm, intelligent, emotional, introvert,
extrovert, subjective, or selfish etc. Type of body like ectomorph (high), mesomorph
(sedang), endomorph (pendek/short).

(d) Subject Matter, Subject Matter is the contents of curriculum or basic course of outline in
book lesson and one of the teacher’s guide to give transformation or transfer of
knowledge according to curriculum.

(e) Curriculum, Curriculum (curricula, pl Greek). Curriculum comes from the word curre
(Greek) mean run/walk quickly. According to experts of education like:
(1). William B. Ragan in his book: Modern elementary curriculum, that the
curriculum is the subject is taught in school, or course of study.
(2). Saylor J. Gallen and William N. Alexander in his book “Curriculum is the sum total
of the school efforts to influence learning, whether in the classroom, playground
or out of school.
(3). Association for supervision curriculum Development, says that curriculum is “all
learning opportunities by the school as potential contributions to the balanced
development of learners”.
(4). According to theminister of Department of Education and Culture No
008/c/u/1975 curriculum is “sejumlah pengalaman belajar yang diberikan (di
bawah tanggung jawab sekolah) dalam usaha untuk mencapai suatu tujuan
pendidikan tertentu.

(f) Environment, environment is a surrounding (far or near) to give influences a little or
much to someone. Example, the situation of home, neighbor, market, global era, climate,
weather, relation to others, etc.
Nowadays the influence of environment is great like, electronic media (tv, radio,
website, computer, face book, printing media (daily, weekly, monthly). In education the
influence of education mean observe in Jakarta like transportation, quarrelling of students
on Saturdays, the location of school, lab school, etc.

Posted by: erienkoma | December 10, 2010

My Foto Album

Posted by: erienkoma | December 10, 2010

Indonesian Teacher’s of Code Ethics

A. Understanding of Teachers’ Code of Ethics
Code of Ethics is a set of standards and principles to guide conduct, formulated by and individual for himself or by a group (such as a society of a profession) for the guidance of its membership.
Professional Code of Ethics is :
a. Those idealist, principles and standards of individual conduct as related to professional
duties and responsibilities.
b. A specific set of standards of professional conduct approved by and enforced by the
membership of a professional group or association.

B. Teachers’ Code of Ethics resources
Teachers’ Code of Ethics
(From NEA : National Education Association)
Section 1
Relation between teacher and student and his parents
Article 1 : The teachers have to be just, serve and expert to face the student. He has to
pay attention to the student individual differences which consists of the need,
interest, character attitude and each environment student.
Article 2 : The teachers have to refuse an extra honorarium that is given in the context to guide his student, suitably with his duty.
Article 3 : Relation a teacher professional with his students need a full interest as like relation between a teacher and his friends. Therefore, a teacher has to select or limit all of information about his students, except to the students kindness their selves and also to the kindness of public interest.
Article 4 : The teachers have to find the way for building good relationship and science between school and family and don’t forget have to remember his task glory and his student achievement. Teachers don’t do and talk about something to cause less pride and less respect to the students’ parents. Teachers also have to explain to his students and students’ parents about importantly an examination, the way to reach the goal and requirements school.

TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(Revised at PGRI XVI Congress year 1989 in Jakarta)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the student for creating fully Indonesian people whose
Pancasila minded.
2. The teachers have and carry out the professional honesty.
3. The teachers attempt to get the information about their students as the source to do the guiding and counseling.
4. The teachers create the best school condition, which support the successful learning and
teaching process.
5. The teachers keep good relation with students’ parents and also the outside society to build the participating and morally obligation to the education.
6. The teachers develop and increase quality and profession reputation of their profession together.
7. The teachers keep teacher relationship, brotherhood spirit and social solidarity.
8. The teachers keep and increase together the PGRI organization quality as the facility struggle and dedication.

. TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(State Apparatus Control Minister’s Decision Letter Number 26
in service Teacher as Profession)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the student for creating the Pancasila development people.
2. The teachers have the professional honesty in apply curriculum and suitable with each
student requirements
3. The Teachers conduct the communication particularly to get information about students
but they avoid their selves from everything abuse.
4. The teachers create the life school condition and keep the best relation with students’
parents for students’ interest.
5. The teachers keep the good relationship with both outside society of school and the
vastly society for education interest.
6. The teachers attempt to develop and increase profession quality their selves or together.
7. The teachers create and keep relationship between the teachers both based on work
relationship or in the whole relationship.
8. The teachers keep, construct and create together the professional organization quality
as the suggestion of their dedication.
9. The teachers conduct all of decision and as governmental wisdom in education field.

. TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(Revision based on PGRI Congress 2008)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the completely students for creating the development
people and Pancasila minded.
a. The teachers have to respect to the individual right and each student personality.
b. The teachers attempt to success the education that is harmony for their students.
c. The teachers have to vivify and apply the Pancasila.
d. The teachers have to intensify the Pancasila moral education seriously to their students
e. The teachers train to solve the problems and build students’ creation so that the next
they can support the developing society.
f. The teachers assist the schools to attempt give the knowledge to their students.

2. The teachers have professional honesty to apply the curriculum according to the needs
students.
a. The teachers appreciate and pay attention the differences and the needs students.
b. The teachers ought to be flexible to apply the curriculum according to the needs students.
c. The teachers give the lessons inside and outside school based on the curriculum without difference the sex, and their position parents.

3. The teachers create the communication particularly to gain information about their
students but avoid their selves from everything abuse.
a. Communication between the teachers and students inside and outside school are based on compassionate.
b. To achieve the education, the teachers have to know the students personality and background of each family.
c. Communication between the teachers and students is done just for the students education interest.

4. The teachers create the school life atmosphere and keep the relationship with the
students’ parents for the students’ interest.
a. The teachers create the school life atmosphere so that the students are in the school and enjoyable study.
b. The teachers create the good relationship with students’ parents so that can join the exchange information each other for the students’ interest.
c. The teachers always receive every developing critical broadly minded who is given by the students’ parents or society to their school life.
d. The meetings with students’ parents have to be done regularly.

5. The teachers keep good relationship with the outside society of the school or the vastest
society for the education interest.
a. The teachers enlarge the knowledge of society about the education professional.
b. The teachers participate to spread the education programs and cultures to the neighbor society so that the school has the function as construction and development center of the education and culture.
c. The teachers have to have the role so that they and their school can has the function as reformer element for the life and development their country.
d. The teachers and outside society of the school participate in the every activity.
e. The teachers attempt create cooperation between the school, students’ parents and society for perfection attempt of education based on the consciousness that education as responsible between the government, students’ parents and society.

6. The teachers as individual or together develop or increase their profession quality:
a. The teachers continue their study through :
– reading the book
– attend the workshop, seminar, etc.
– attend the upgrading.
– organize research activity.
b. The teachers always talk, have attitude and act according to their professional status.

7. The teachers create and keep good relationship between each others are based on the
work environment both in the whole relationship and as personal.
a. The teachers always exchange opinion information, each others giving the suggestion helping, both for personal interest and profession.
b. The teachers don’t do the actions that can damage the reputation as personal or in the task profession.

8. The teachers keep together, build and increase the professional organization as the
suggestion of dedication.
a. The teachers become the member and assist teacher organization means build the profession and education generally.
b. The teachers always attempt for increasing the unity between education dedicator.
c. The teachers always attempt avoid their selves from the attitude, talking and all of the actions that disadvantage the organization.

9. The teachers do all of the certainty as the governmental wisdom in the education field.
a. The teachers always obey to the governmental wisdoms and certainties in the
education field.
b. The teachers do their profession task disciplinary and dedication.
c. The teachers attempt help to spread the governmental wisdom and program in the education field to the students’ parents and their environment society.
d. The teachers attempt to support the education environmental leadership or their territory.
A. Understanding of Teachers’ Code of Ethics
Code of Ethics is a set of standards and principles to guide conduct, formulated by and individual for himself or by a group (such as a society of a profession) for the guidance of its membership.
Professional Code of Ethics is :
a. Those idealist, principles and standards of individual conduct as related to professional
duties and responsibilities.
b. A specific set of standards of professional conduct approved by and enforced by the
membership of a professional group or association.

B. Teachers’ Code of Ethics resources
Teachers’ Code of Ethics
(From NEA : National Education Association)
Section 1
Relation between teacher and student and his parents
Article 1 : The teachers have to be just, serve and expert to face the student. He has to
pay attention to the student individual differences which consists of the need,
interest, character attitude and each environment student.
Article 2 : The teachers have to refuse an extra honorarium that is given in the context to guide his student, suitably with his duty.
Article 3 : Relation a teacher professional with his students need a full interest as like relation between a teacher and his friends. Therefore, a teacher has to select or limit all of information about his students, except to the students kindness their selves and also to the kindness of public interest.
Article 4 : The teachers have to find the way for building good relationship and science between school and family and don’t forget have to remember his task glory and his student achievement. Teachers don’t do and talk about something to cause less pride and less respect to the students’ parents. Teachers also have to explain to his students and students’ parents about importantly an examination, the way to reach the goal and requirements school.

TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(Revised at PGRI XVI Congress year 1989 in Jakarta)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the student for creating fully Indonesian people whose
Pancasila minded.
2. The teachers have and carry out the professional honesty.
3. The teachers attempt to get the information about their students as the source to do the guiding and counseling.
4. The teachers create the best school condition, which support the successful learning and
teaching process.
5. The teachers keep good relation with students’ parents and also the outside society to build the participating and morally obligation to the education.
6. The teachers develop and increase quality and profession reputation of their profession together.
7. The teachers keep teacher relationship, brotherhood spirit and social solidarity.
8. The teachers keep and increase together the PGRI organization quality as the facility struggle and dedication.

. TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(State Apparatus Control Minister’s Decision Letter Number 26
in service Teacher as Profession)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the student for creating the Pancasila development people.
2. The teachers have the professional honesty in apply curriculum and suitable with each
student requirements
3. The Teachers conduct the communication particularly to get information about students
but they avoid their selves from everything abuse.
4. The teachers create the life school condition and keep the best relation with students’
parents for students’ interest.
5. The teachers keep the good relationship with both outside society of school and the
vastly society for education interest.
6. The teachers attempt to develop and increase profession quality their selves or together.
7. The teachers create and keep relationship between the teachers both based on work
relationship or in the whole relationship.
8. The teachers keep, construct and create together the professional organization quality
as the suggestion of their dedication.
9. The teachers conduct all of decision and as governmental wisdom in education field.

. TEACHERS’ CODE OF ETHICS
(Revision based on PGRI Congress 2008)

1. The teachers dedicate to guide the completely students for creating the development
people and Pancasila minded.
a. The teachers have to respect to the individual right and each student personality.
b. The teachers attempt to success the education that is harmony for their students.
c. The teachers have to vivify and apply the Pancasila.
d. The teachers have to intensify the Pancasila moral education seriously to their students
e. The teachers train to solve the problems and build students’ creation so that the next
they can support the developing society.
f. The teachers assist the schools to attempt give the knowledge to their students.

2. The teachers have professional honesty to apply the curriculum according to the needs
students.
a. The teachers appreciate and pay attention the differences and the needs students.
b. The teachers ought to be flexible to apply the curriculum according to the needs students.
c. The teachers give the lessons inside and outside school based on the curriculum without difference the sex, and their position parents.

3. The teachers create the communication particularly to gain information about their
students but avoid their selves from everything abuse.
a. Communication between the teachers and students inside and outside school are based on compassionate.
b. To achieve the education, the teachers have to know the students personality and background of each family.
c. Communication between the teachers and students is done just for the students education interest.

4. The teachers create the school life atmosphere and keep the relationship with the
students’ parents for the students’ interest.
a. The teachers create the school life atmosphere so that the students are in the school and enjoyable study.
b. The teachers create the good relationship with students’ parents so that can join the exchange information each other for the students’ interest.
c. The teachers always receive every developing critical broadly minded who is given by the students’ parents or society to their school life.
d. The meetings with students’ parents have to be done regularly.

5. The teachers keep good relationship with the outside society of the school or the vastest
society for the education interest.
a. The teachers enlarge the knowledge of society about the education professional.
b. The teachers participate to spread the education programs and cultures to the neighbor society so that the school has the function as construction and development center of the education and culture.
c. The teachers have to have the role so that they and their school can has the function as reformer element for the life and development their country.
d. The teachers and outside society of the school participate in the every activity.
e. The teachers attempt create cooperation between the school, students’ parents and society for perfection attempt of education based on the consciousness that education as responsible between the government, students’ parents and society.

6. The teachers as individual or together develop or increase their profession quality:
a. The teachers continue their study through :
– reading the book
– attend the workshop, seminar, etc.
– attend the upgrading.
– organize research activity.
b. The teachers always talk, have attitude and act according to their professional status.

7. The teachers create and keep good relationship between each others are based on the
work environment both in the whole relationship and as personal.
a. The teachers always exchange opinion information, each others giving the suggestion helping, both for personal interest and profession.
b. The teachers don’t do the actions that can damage the reputation as personal or in the task profession.

8. The teachers keep together, build and increase the professional organization as the
suggestion of dedication.
a. The teachers become the member and assist teacher organization means build the profession and education generally.
b. The teachers always attempt for increasing the unity between education dedicator.
c. The teachers always attempt avoid their selves from the attitude, talking and all of the actions that disadvantage the organization.

9. The teachers do all of the certainty as the governmental wisdom in the education field.
a. The teachers always obey to the governmental wisdoms and certainties in the
education field.
b. The teachers do their profession task disciplinary and dedication.
c. The teachers attempt help to spread the governmental wisdom and program in the education field to the students’ parents and their environment society.
d. The teachers attempt to support the education environmental leadership or their territory.

Posted by: erienkoma | July 26, 2010

CONCEPT OF HYPERTEXT

Pioneers : BUSH,NELSON and ANZEL

Concept of hypertext was described by Bush as a system; it was called “MEMEX” (Memory Extender)
In his article “As We may Think”, as “a sort of mechanized private file and library” and as “a device in which an individual stores his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility”.
Memex was created by Bush based on microfilm and eye-tracking technology to enable users to follow cross-reference with ease

Nelson who coined the term “hypertext”
Based on Bush’s idea of memex, he developed “XANADU”. Xanadu was designed based on combination of back end and local databases, which enables fast response for most hypertext access.

Anzel, et.al, (1992:124)
Based on the concept hypertext system, Anzel, et.al, state that “the recent interest in hypertext concepts in computer science can be explained by the fact that we can now support non-linearity with computers, thus making it much easier and faster for a reader to follow up cross references. Modern computers, furthermore, allow us to expand the notion of the text to include not only texts and pictures as in printed texts, but also sound, music, animation and video in a single hypertext system.”

What is Hypertext?
Non-Sequential Information. From the windows displayed on the screen (“Contents” screen), users can open document D directly instead of opening document A first, followed by document B and C sequentially. Suppose a user can’t find information he requires in document D , and he wants to open document B, he may access document B directly. This is because there is a link between the “Contents” windows on the screen and document D, and another link with connects document D and B.

Hypertext and Hypermedia
• Hypertext, implies that the system is solely related to plain text. As recent developments have found there is possibility of connecting hypertext with other media, such as graphics, animation or sound, the term “hypermedia” , then, sometimes used to highlight the multimedia aspects in the system.

• As a matter of fact, hypermedia is similar to hypertext. The only distinction is that instead of linking just text, users can link to the other media, such as graphics, video, spreadsheet, animation as well as sound.

• In short, users of hypermedia systems can link together information of any media type provided by current technology (Smith, 1988)

Advantages of Hypertext

The advantage of hypertext can be summarized as follows:
• ease of tracing references
• ease of creating new references
• information structuring
• global views
• customized documents
• modularity of information
• consistency of information
• task stacking
• collaboration

Problems with Hypertext

One of the major problems encountered when working with hypertext system is helping the user visualize how the information is linked together. How to show the links between documents, and what sort of information is linked to the document.
Along with this, Smith (1988:39) stated that:

In other word, the system need to answer the question “Where am I?”. “What information is available?” and “How can I get to it?”. The process of following links can be disorienting, …..

Conklin (1987:38)
Along with the power to organize information much more complexly comes the problem of having to know (1) where you are in the network and (2) how to get some other place that you know (or think) exists in the network. I call this the “disorientation” problem.

Conklin stated that the disorientation problem is accounted for the hypertext which offers more freedom that enables users to move and hence a greater potential for the users to become lost or disoriented. This can clearly be seen in the network which comprises a massive number of nodes; the more nodes in a network, the more difficult or harder information can be obtained.

Hypertext Application

Some of hypertext applications are listed below

Business
– Product catalogues and advertisements
– Organizational charts and policy manuals
– Annual reports and orientation guides
– Resumes/CVs and biographies
– Treaties, contracts, and wills
– Newsletters and new magazines
– Software documentation and code

Hypertext in Language Learning

Hypertext system can be implemented in learning of all language skills – listening, speaking, reading, and writing – and also language aspects (components), such as vocabulary or grammar. However, the application of hypertext in learning grammar shows the best and most successful result.

Posted by: erienkoma | July 26, 2010

CALL PROGRAM ASSESMENT

(1) CD 1 – VOCABULARY
There are twelve topics are presented on the CD. It is about the learning of:
Nature, Science, The Body, Occupations, Religion, Education, Verbs, Adjectives, Technology, Aquatic, Music and Poetry, Miscellaneous.
This CD presented the topics through four kinds the varieties games; (1) Balloonz; (2) Haunted House; (3) Bats; and (4) Stuntman.

It is interesting for the students/learners. Therefore, it can be used by beginner and junior high school. The materials besides can improve their vocabulary, listening and also pronunciation. The teacher can use this CD to teach students and he may choose which topic is appropriate for their students based on the level.

(2) CD 2 – ENGLISH WORDS
There are twelve topics are presented on the CD. It is about the learning of:
People, The home; The Street; The animals; Shopping; The body; Clothing; Transport; Colors, Shapes and Numbers; Games and Pastimes; The Park; The Countryside.
It is interesting for the students/learners. Therefore, it can be used by beginner and junior high school. The materials besides can improve their vocabulary, listening and also pronunciation. The teacher can use this CD to teach students and he may choose which topic is appropriate for their students based on the level. However, like CD 1, CD 2 also are not suitable for the student or learner who is color blind, because to guess the answers are needed accuracy the color.

(3) CD 3 – LEARN ENGLISH “BEGINNERS”
There are eleven topics are presented on the CD. It is about the learning of:
Alphabet; Business; Emerge; General Audio; Get Around; Greetings; Hotel; Leisure; Phone; Restaurant; and Shopping.
Although materials in this CD are presented simply, but it is very useful because on this CD the learners can study about speaking, particularly it is about using of sentences or phrases in the certain condition. So, the learners can improve their skill in English covering four skills.

(4) CD 4 – SPEAK ENGLISH “INTERMEDIATE”
On this CD, there are several conversations. Although this CD is rather difficult compare with CD I and CD II, but the materials are presented very interesting, so it is suitable for the students on intermediate level.

Posted by: erienkoma | July 25, 2010

As an executive

er

Posted by: erienkoma | July 25, 2010

Text Book – English for SMK

English for SMK

Posted by: erienkoma | July 25, 2010

Text Book : Bahasa Indonesia for SMK 1st Grade

Bahasa Indonesia

My book

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