Posted by: erienkoma | February 3, 2011

Science, Technology, and Society

1. To illustrate how progresses of science and technology have become public concern Mc.Ginn quoted four news items from a San Francisco newspaper.
(a) Union Carbide Corporation in Bhopal India; the December 1984 toxic gas leak at the company’s pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, which took over 2,000 lives and inflicted about 200,000 casualties.
(b) Related the detonation the previous day, deep beneath the Nevada desert and in the face of domestic and international protest, of a nuclear bomb roughly ten times as powerful as the weapon that destroyed Hiroshima in August 1945.
(c) The case of a California man who, since suffering traumatic head injuries in an automobile accident in February 1983, had been in a comatose state in a convalescent home. In the wake of the American Medical Association’s then recently adopted policy declaring it ethically appropriate for physicians to withhold or withdraw feeding tubes from hopelessly comatose patients, the article related the efforts of the man’s brothers to obtain a court order authorizing the removal of his feeding and hydration tubes so that he could “die.”
(d) The imminent approval by the city of Palo Alto, California, of a contract that would make it and a number of adjacent communities part of what would become at that time the nation’s largest subscriber-owned cable TV system.

2. All of the four news are related to the use of huge, public money. Even the claim to private
company Union Carbide Corporation, if it is granted it will involve the use of public money. To pay claim of a tentative $350 million settlement of tens of billions of dollars of damage,
Union Carbide Corporation didn’t have money, so USA Government had to pay the claim through bailout grant. However, the bailout grant involves the use of public money. Furthermore, the Union Carbide Corporation had to repay his debts to the government.

3. One of the items concerns with public safety is Detonation bomb at Nevada dessert.

4. Which items concerns law and which one should relate to graft or corruption?
A contract that would make it and a number of adjacent communities part of what would become at that time the nation’s largest subscriber-owned cable TV system.

5. The USA and Allied victory in the Second World War was related to technology and scientific superiority, Explain! The victory of USA and Allied in the Second World War because of they use atomic bomb. For example, USA and Allied used the atomic bomb to conquer Japan.

6. Which incident shows that US successes in nuclear technology constitute a threat to the country?
Nuclear weapons, products designed for chemical or biological warfare, toxic or lethal by-products of manufacturing or energy-generation processes, and products that threaten the viability of the ecosystem. Understanding the conditions that lead to the creation and irresponsible use of such substances and developing means by which their production and diffusion might be restricted or prevented is a task as difficult as it is urgent.

7. The US Companies which use high technology! General Motors, Ford, IBM, General Electric, AT&T, Du Pont, and Chrysler.

8. Indonesia technological company? IPTN, PINDAD, TElKOM, PAL, INDOSAT and PT.DAHANA

9. Mention examples of medical services which are supported by technological progresses!
Artificial hip implant, cholesterol level declined dramatically as a result of taking and anti- cholesterol drug, baby’s survival, after being born two months prematurely, was due not only to the efforts of highly competent medical professionals, but also to drugs that accelerated his lungs’ development in utero and to the high-technology equipment in the intensive-care pediatric nursery in which he spent his first three weeks.

10. Give three examples of human successes in technology!
The invention of civilian jet aircraft transportation; the landing Apollo on the moon; and antibiotics; the personal computer.

11. Give three examples of human failure in technology!
The Bhopal; Chernobyl; and challenger space-shuttle disasters; the pesticides DDT; the Ford Pinto; building collapses and airplane crashes traceable to defective engineering; and various forms of environmental degradation and human diseases caused in part by irresponsible scientific and technological practices.

12. Dumps of chemical waste of industries could become a threat for human safety; Can you give an example of this kind of threat in Indonesia?
Dumps of chemical waste of industries particularly as mercury, cobalt, and ferro cyanide to the Ciliwung river will contaminate the water environment and then it will pollute the sea biota so all of the sea life will be extinct, even can threat people life who consume the sea food.

13. Technological products which become threat to human survival? Pesticide DDT

14. What is the essence of the USA conflicts with North Korea and Iran that prevailed recently?
The essences of conflicts are the USA doesn’t agree with the Development Nuclear in North Korea and Iran but North Korea and Iran refuse the USA pressure.

15. What does Mc.Ginn mean by “a task as difficult as it is urgent” in commenting about restriction of dangerous substance production.
Understanding the conditions that lead to the creation and irresponsible use of such substances and developing means by which their production and diffusion might be restricted or prevented is a task as difficult as it is urges.


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